Thursday, February 27, 2014
Solar Flare's Coronal Cloud
When there is a solar flare, it is the coronal mass ejection’s hot plasma gas cloud containing radioactive material, protons, electrons, etc. with vast amounts of electrical energy in intensely fast moving nebulae that reaches the earth’s atmosphere and damages sensitive equipment, not the solar flare itself.
Coronal Mass Ejections occur when the solar flare becomes so hot that a rope of heated magnetism stretching between two sunspots breaks in two. It takes several days for the plasma to cool down enough to detach. Then, the magnetic cloud called a solar wind is released exceeding speeds of seven million mph and hurtles toward us.
Once the cloud reaches the Earth, it causes anomalies in our ionosphere. In early March 1989, a cloud 36 times the size of Earth caused the Space Shuttle Discovery to spin out of control for several hours. And, in June of 2012, the coronal mass ejection from a Class-M solar flare's cloud caused minor damage to the Spitzer Space Telescope.